What The Aronia Berries Benefits for Health?

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The consumption of aronia and its derivatives have a beneficial effect on various risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, with antiatherosclerotic and antiplatelet properties , which provide us with the following benefits:

. It helps us prevent and treat cardiovascular ailments such as hypertension or chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, a specific type of arteriosclerosis.

. It has been shown that in patients who have suffered cardiac arrest, the consumption of aronia extract was able to decrease inflammation and reduce systolic and diastolic pressure.

. Anthocyanins help improve or regulate blood pressure and endothelin production. This positive effect on blood pressure is why it is recommended as a nutritional supplement in the treatment of high blood pressure.

. Aronia has coronary vasoactive and vasoprotective properties. In particular, coumaric acid is a very powerful vasorelatante.

. Anthocyanins, together with phenolic acids and quercetin, have protective effects against the nitrative damage of fibrinogen and, therefore, can contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases related to peroxynitrite.

. Aronia fruits prevent thrombosis in pathological states where plasma procoagulant activity and oxidative stress are observed, in hyperhomocysteinemia (a group of rare metabolic diseases).

. They also significantly inhibit inflammatory processes in blood vessels, and protect against atherogenic changes in the aorta and coronary arteries.

Thanks to the very high concentration of aronia in polyphenolic compounds, it has excellent anticancer properties . There is scientific evidence, which indicates that a diet with a high consumption of fruits rich in antioxidants, reduces the risk of certain types of cancer and like the rest of fruits of the forest, aronia was not going to be less.

Several mechanisms of action have been identified for a chemopreventive effect of the polyphenolic extract of aronia:

. Prevention of oxidation, suppression of the formation of reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species, inhibition of pro-oxidants (induce oxidative stress), restoration of antioxidant enzymes and induction of detoxification enzymes, induction of the cell cycle, arrest of apoptosis and changes in cell signaling.

. Aronia is highly effective against the growth of human tumor cell lines of the breast, leukemia, colon and cervix. And although a large proportion of phenolic compounds are transformed during digestion, they are still potent as antioxidant and antiproliferative agents.

. It can reduce oxidative stress in breast cancer patients before and after surgery and during various phases of cancer treatment. In various studies, an inhibitory activity of 90{ff534ea0be041245dec5650aca40b93bf0fbd21a075cea1ec885fc4881d621f5} of leukemic cells was observed.

. Aronia juice also prevents the formation of cancer cells in the digestive system, which are usually formed by the degradation of some foods that contain additives such as nitrates and nitrites, widely used in the production of sausages and other processed meats. 

. In a recent study, growth inhibitory activity in human colon cancer cells was compared for each Aronia species; Aronia arbutifolia (red), Aronia prunifolia (purple) and Aronia melanocarpa (black). And it was observed that the black aronia extract had the highest level of total phenols, antioxidant activity and individual phenolic acids.

In addition, thanks to its antimutagenic properties , the consumption of aronia restricts the generation and release of superoxide radicals (causing cellular aging) by human granulocytes and inhibits mutagenic activity. And in addition to its powerful anti-radical effect, as a free radical scavenger, it helps inhibit the enzymes that activate promutagens and convert mutagens into derivatives that react with DNA.

Today, the aronia fruit also stands out in relation to strengthening the human immune system, thanks to its properties that help us modulate the immune system.

Aronia flowering

And if all the above were not enough, it also has antibacterial and antiviral properties, which together create an even more positive synergy.

. Aronia has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli .

. Another study showed that aronia extracts exhibited antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus . The extract also inhibited the growth of the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa .

. The consumption of aronia juice appears to be effective also in urinary tract infections (UTIs) treated with antibiotics.

. Another study determined that aronia polyphenolic compounds possess anti-biofilm (biofilm) activity without toxicity. This non-toxic inhibition may confer a lower potential for the development of resistance, compared to conventional antimicrobials.

. Proanthocyanidins, present in large quantities in aronia, are the most powerful antimicrobial agents according to the antimicrobial activity test against 10 pathogens, carried out in various studies.

. Also anthocyanins are very effective antimicrobial components, and together with organic acids, phenolic acids and their mixtures of different chemical forms, they further enhance these antimicrobial benefits.

. Aronia also has antiviral efficacy in vitro and in vivo against different subtypes of the influenza virus, including a strain resistant to Oseltamivir (antiviral medicine).

. The ellagic acid and myricetin present in aronia, allowed to inhibit almost 70{ff534ea0be041245dec5650aca40b93bf0fbd21a075cea1ec885fc4881d621f5} of the viral plaques of the influenza viruses H1 and H3, as well as the strain H1 / K2785 resistant to Oseltamivir.

And to conclude by listing all the incredible benefits of aronia

. The flavonoids present have a great protective capacity for sight. That is why, like blueberry, aronia extract is very beneficial for visual health.

. Aronias are rich in bioactive compounds, such as vitamins (vitamin C and vitamin E), minerals (potassium, calcium and magnesium), carotenoids, pectins, organic acids and carbohydrates present in smaller amounts.

. In addition, the high concentration of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) contributes to strengthening the immune system and activating protection mechanisms.

Therefore, if in seasonal changes or in cold months, you need a natural supplement that increases your defenses and prevents colds and flu, aronia will not disappoint you.